بایگانی ماهیانه: جولای 2020

England’s rising coronavirus infections – what does the data show?

Boris Johnson has pulled back on further easing of the lockdown amid “creeping” numbers of cases in parts of England and the “watchlist” doubling in a week – but what’s the evidence that infections are rising?

The government has warned the R number in England could be edging upwards – possibly above 1 – which is when the virus is growing.

The figure represents the average number of people someone with the virus will infect.

“These estimates represent the transmission of COVID-19 from several weeks ago due to a time delay between someone being infected and needing healthcare,” said government advisory group SAGE.

“Estimates that use more timely data reflecting infections, suggest a higher R for England than shown here. As a result, SAGE does not have confidence that R is currently below 1 in England.”

Newly published Office for National Statistics (ONS) data also suggests an increase in the rate of new infections in England – for the first time since May.

More testing often means more cases are found.

However, the ONS looked at the percentage of people testing positive and found it had also increased slightly in the last six weeks, from 0.05% to 0.07%.

England’s chief medical officer Professor Chris Whitty, speaking at the prime minister’s briefing on Friday, warned the data showed “we have probably reached near the limit or the limits of what we can do in terms of opening up society”.

He said it could mean “if we wish to do more things in the future, we may have to do less of some other things…The idea that we can open up everything and keep the virus under control is clearly wrong”.

The graph below confirms what some had suspected when looking at the seven-day rolling average of new cases in the UK.

On 6 July, this was 555.6 cases but on Monday it had risen to 752.7 cases – an increase of 35%.

It could be explained by more testing but today’s ONS data suggests the incidence of infections is also increasing.

Local authority data shows some areas are worse affected than others.

Blackburn with Darwen still has the highest weekly rate of infections, and it has continued to increase.

But other places are also seeing a higher rate of infections.

That is why – on Thursday – the government reimposed restrictions in several local authority areas in the northwest of England and West Yorkshire which have recorded higher rates of COVID-19 cases in the last few weeks.

Greater Manchester saw an increase in the seven-day rolling average of cases – between 6 and 27 July – of 76%.

That is more than twice that of the UK as a whole.

All 10 local authorities in Greater Manchester are now on the government’s watchlist – all at the highest level – as areas of intervention.

The list has doubled in the last week, with 26 authorities now on it.

However, some are included only because they are near areas like Oldham and Trafford, where the rate of infection is increasing particularly fast.

In the last seven days, the rate of infection in Oldham has increased by 191% and in Trafford by 235%.

The fact that areas such as Rossendale and Stockport are included, where the rate of infection is relatively low and decreasing, shows how seriously the government is about stopping further spread.

However, there are places on the list where the situation is improving.

In Rochdale, the weekly infection rate has reduced by 31%.

In Leicester, the first to experience intervention, the rate is down by 27%.

But it is the rate and size of the increase in places like Oldham and Trafford that will concern the government, especially if it believes the R number is now pushing above 1.

That combination could potentially make the growth in cases much more difficult to control.

Some things to note:

The watchlist is produced by first considering the lower-tier local authorities with the highest weekly incidence rate and its trend, combined with a range of other indicators including the test positivity rate, an assessment of the local response and plans, and the trend of other metrics such as healthcare activity and mortality.

The classification decision is therefore a blended assessment drawing on professional judgement.

The watchlist classification uses definitions as set out in the Contain Framework:

Area(s) of concern – For areas with the highest prevalence, where the local area is taking targeted actions to reduce prevalence, for example additional testing in care homes and increased community engagement with high risk groups

Area(s) for enhanced support – For areas at medium/high risk of intervention where there is a more detailed plan, agreed with the national team and with additional resources being provided to support the local team (for example, epidemiological expertise, additional mobile testing capacity)

Area(s) of intervention – Where there is divergence from the measures in place in the rest of England because of the significance of the spread, with a detailed action plan in place, and local resources augmented with a national support.

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World Health Organization reports largest single-day increase in coronavirus cases across globe

Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT) leave with a patient at Hialeah Hospital where the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patients are treated, in Hialeah, Florida, July 29, 2020.

Marco Bello | Reuters

Almost 300,000 new coronavirus cases were reported to the World Health Organization over the last 24 hours, marking the largest single-day increase ever, the agency said Friday.

More than half the 292,527 new cases reported on Thursday came from the Americas, which had 171,946 cases, according to data from the WHO. Southeast Asia reported the second-highest number of cases, with 60,113 reported infections, followed by Europe, with 25,241, according to the WHO.

Globally, the virus has infected more than 17 million people and killed at least 668,910 since it emerged almost seven months ago, according to the WHO data. 

The U.S. has the worst outbreak in the world, with more than 4 million cases and at least 152,075 deaths, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University. On Thursday, new coronavirus cases in the U.S. jumped by more than 67,000, a day after topping 70,000 for the first time in almost a week, Hopkins data shows. 

Last week, WHO officials warned there is no going back to the “old normal” as the coronavirus pandemic accelerates in the United States and poorer, developing countries.

“It’s completely understandable that people want to get on with their lives, but we will not be going back to the old normal,” WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said during a news conference from the agency’s Geneva headquarters on July 23. 

Even though cases are high in the U.S. and other parts of the world, there’s still a chance to bring the virus under control, they said. 

The WHO recommends that people wear masks as a way to slow the spread of the virus. Scientists say the virus can spread through respiratory droplets that pass when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Studies suggest the masks may serve as a helpful barrier to spreading infection. 

The agency also recommends people wash their hands regularly, maintain their distance from others and avoid going to crowded places. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention, but call by telephone in advance if possible and follow the directions of your local health authority, the WHO said.

Earlier in the day, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert, said the coronavirus is so contagious it likely won’t ever completely go away.

“I do not believe it would disappear, because it’s such a highly transmissible virus,” Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told a House select subcommittee hearing on containing the coronavirus outbreak. However, Fauci has previously said it’s possible world leaders and public health officials could work to bring the pandemic down to “low levels.” 

This is a developing story. Please check back for updates. 

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‘Houdini’ kitten rescued from three vehicles in one day in Norfolk

A kitten had to be rescued from three vehicles in one day after it kept climbing into engines in Norfolk.

Rescuers had to partially dismantle each of the vehicles, with the whole operation lasting several hours in the town of King’s Lynn.

The RSPCA was called to a car park when a member of the public heard a cat crying from a Volkswagen Golf.

Handout photo dated 15/07/2020 issued by the RSPCA of an RSPCA van, one of the three vehicles that rescuers partially dismantled while trying to free a kitten that kept climbing into engines in King's Lynn, Norfolk
Image: The RSPCA van was the third vehicle the kitten climbed into

With the permission of the car’s owner, firefighters lifted it up to try and free the cat.

It was then taken to a garage where some of the wheels and bodywork were taken off to reach the cat underneath the engine.

But before it could be captured, the cat escaped and ran under a BMW and did the same.

The BMW’s owner was traced and the car was partially taken apart, but the cat then dashed under the RSPCA van.

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The van required less dismantling since it was higher from the ground and a firefighter managed to catch the cat in his arms before she could escape again.

RSPCA animal collection officer Natalie Read, who has since adopted the cat, said: “This kitten was proving a little Houdini – but there’s no way we could leave her in any of the vehicles or alone in the middle of a busy town centre, so we just had to try again!”

Handout photo dated 15/07/2020 issued by the RSPCA of one of the three vehicles that rescuers partially dismantled while trying to free a kitten that kept climbing into engines in King's Lynn, Norfolk.
Image: The RSCPA said it is likely the cat travelled to the car park in another vehicle from a farm 10 miles away

Her colleague Naemi Kilby said: “The kitten was so terrified by what had happened – we had to get her – because she could have been seriously hurt or killed if she had been inside a car engine for too long while moving.”

The kitten is believed to be between six and 12 weeks old and has been named Lohse.

The RSCPA said it is likely the cat travelled to the car park in another vehicle from a farm 10 miles away.

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World Health Organization reports largest ever single-day increase in coronavirus cases across globe

Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT) leave with a patient at Hialeah Hospital where the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patients are treated, in Hialeah, Florida, July 29, 2020.

Marco Bello | Reuters

Almost 300,000 new coronavirus cases were reported to the World Health Organization over the last 24 hours, marking the largest single-day increase ever, the agency said Friday.

More than half of the 292,527 new cases reported on Thursday came from the Americas with 171,946 cases , according to data from the WHO. Southeast Asia reported the second most number of cases with 60,113 reported infections, followed by Europe with 25 241, according to the WHO.

This is a developing story. Please check back for updates. 

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Bugsy Malone and Evita director Sir Alan Parker dies aged 76

Oscar and BAFTA winner Sir Alan Parker, who directed films including Bugsy Malone, Fame, and Evita, has died aged 76.

Sir Alan’s works won a total of 19 BAFTAs, 10 Golden Globes and 10 Oscars during his career.

A statement sent on behalf of his family said he died on Friday morning.

Madonna, the star of Alan Parkr's "Evita", with co-stars Antonio Banderas (left), British actor/singer Jimmy Nail (2nd right) and director/producer Alan Parker (right), in London today (Weds), prior to tomorrow night's Gala International Premiere of the film, composed by Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber, at the Empire, Leicester Square. Photo by Sean Dempsey. * 4/8/99: Parker becomes the first chairman of the new film council. He was chosen for the unpaid part-time post from a field of several candidates
Image: Sir Alan Parker in 1996 with stars of Evita, including Madonna and Antonio Banderas

Sir Alan is survived by his wife Lisa Moran-Parker, his children Lucy, Alexander, Jake, Nathan and Henry, and seven grandchildren.

Film director David Puttnam, who produced some of his films, was among those who paid tribute.

He said: “Alan was my oldest and closest friend, I was always in awe of his talent.

“My life and those of many others who loved and respected him will never be the same again.”

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Director Nick Murphy described Sir Alan as a “huge talent”.

“Alan Parker made so many wonderful movies. Just wonderful. A huge talent. As I’m sure you know. RIP Alan Parker,” he tweeted.

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He was born in Islington in London in February 1944 and began his career in advertising as a copywriter.

Sir Alan then moved to writing and directing commercials, moving into long form drama when he directed the BBC film, The Evacuees, written by Jack Rosenthal, in 1974.

Bugsy Malone, a musical pastiche of Hollywood gangster films of the 1930s with a cast of children, was his first feature film.

The 1975 film was written and directed by Sir Alan.

Midnight Express, his second film, was released in 1977.

It won two Oscars, six Golden Globes and four BAFTAs.

Four years later he directed Pink Floyd – The Wall, the feature film adaptation of the band’s seminal album, which became a cult classic among music lovers.

Sir Alan was made a CBE for services to the British film industry in 1995 and was knighted in 2002.

He received the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award, the body’s highest honour, in 2013.

Two years ago, Sir Alan donated his significant private collection of scripts and working papers to the BFI National Archive.

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Coronavirus live updates: Merck aims for large treatment studies in September; Apple’s iPad, Mac sales pop

A coronavirus relief agreement in Congress remained in doubt, just as extended unemployment benefits are set to end and new economic data showed a U.S. economy buckling under the pandemic’s weight. The Commerce Department said gross domestic product from April to June plunged 32.9% on an annualized basis, the biggest quarterly plunge in activity ever. Meanwhile, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Dr. Robert Redfield warned Congress of “significant public health consequences” if schools don’t reopen in the fall.

Here are some of today’s biggest developments:

The following data was compiled by Johns Hopkins University:

  • Global cases: More than 17.3 million 
  • Global deaths: At least 673,822
  • U.S. cases: More than 4.4 million
  • U.S. deaths: At least 152,075

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سهام اروپا در پست اول افت ماهانه از ماه مارس در میان ترس از دوم coronavirus موج

بازارهای سهام اروپا بسته کردن ماه در قلمرو منفی در روز جمعه به عنوان سرمایه گذاران هضم درآمد شرکت ها و داده های اقتصادی است.

پان-شاخص Stoxx 600 بسته را نزدیک به 0.9% ثبت نام اول آن ماه-به روزترین رها در چهار ماه. شرکت های هواپیمایی و مسافرتی مربوط به سهام شد برخی از بدترین نهفته اجزای آبی تراشه شاخص با easyJet سقوط 22 درصد و شرکت هواپیمایی پدر و مادر IAG پایین 20% در ماه جولای.

هر دو شرکت دچار بدترین ماه از مارس. چراکه هراس سرمایه گذاران بیش از یک پرش های اخیر در Covid-19 عفونت در سراسر اروپا و پس از آن مفاهیم برای سفر.

اقتصاد منطقه یورو قرارداد با 12.1 درصد در سه ماهه دوم سال 2020 در مقایسه با سه ماه اول سال با توجه به داده های اولیه از منطقه آمار ، روز جمعه خواندن است که کمترین میزان از سوابق در سال 1995 آغاز شد.

در فرانسه این آمار گفت که تولید ناخالص داخلی کاهش 13.8 درصد در سه ماهه دوم سال کمی بهتر از تخمین می زند اما هنوز هم در بدترین شرایط رکورد. روز پنج شنبه در مرکز آمار آلمان اعلام کرد اقتصاد آلمان قرارداد با 10.1 درصد در سه ماهه دوم — بدترین خواندن از پرونده آغاز شد و در سال 1970.

درآمد

BNP Paribas گزارش درآمد خالص قطره در حدود 7 درصد برای سه ماهه دوم در مقایسه با مدت مشابه سال پیش. این بانک فرانسوی با تجربه بالاتر حجم معاملات و ضرب و شتم بازار انتظارات است. سهام بسته تقریبا 1% پایین تر بریده شده پشت دستاوردهای پیش از آن در جلسه.

نوکیا چراغ دستاوردهای سراسر اروپا تا تقریبا 13 درصد پس از ضرب و شتم سود انتظارات در سه ماهه دوم. مدیر عامل شرکت گفت که این شرکت شاهد بتن midterm فرصت در پشت ژئوپولیتیک روند.

UBI Banca دیدم بزرگترین جهش در میان سهام بانکی تا بیش از 4 درصد. واکنش زیر خبری که Intesa Sanpaolo امن است 90.2% از آن هدف سهم در یک پیشنهاد برای سابق است.

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It’s the hottest day – Beaches packed as temperatures soar to 37.8C in Heathrow

Today is officially the hottest day of the year so far, with temperatures reaching 37.8C (100.04F) in Greater London.

The Met Office tweeted that Friday has been the “hottest day of the year by some way”.

Met Office spokeswoman Nicola Maxey confirmed the highest temperature was recorded in Heathrow, Greater London, on Friday afternoon.

She told Sky News: “Today is the hottest day of the year so far as 37.8C (100F) was reached at 2.41pm at Heathrow today.

“37.3C (99.1F) was reached at Kew Gardens at 2.55pm.

“Before today, only three days on record have seen temperatures that exceed 37C!”

Forecaster Simon Partridge added: “This not only makes it the warmest day of the year, it also makes it the third hottest UK day on record.”

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Beachgoers
Image: People take advantage of the heat on Barry Island in Wales

The current temperature record was registered at 38.7C (101.7F) at Cambridge University Botanic Gardens last year, while the second hottest day was 10 August 2003, when the mercury rose to 38.5C (101.3F) in Faversham, Kent.

The first one was recorded at 37.1 (98.8F) in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, on 3 August 1990.

The Met Office earlier warned that climate change was exerting an “increasing impact” on the UK, with data showing an “undeniable warming trend”.

Brighton beach was packed despite as people enjoyed the hot weather
Image: People in Brighton flocked to the beach on the hottest day of the year
People across the UK flocked to beaches on the hottest day of the year

However, the soaring temperatures are expected to be short-lived.

The Met Office has issued a thunderstorm warning for this afternoon, with a yellow warning in place from 4pm until midnight across large parts of east and southeast England where the weather will be at its hottest.

Some beachgoers headed into the ocean as temperatures soared in Brighton
Image: Some beachgoers cooled off in the sea in Brighton

Gusty winds, hail and “frequent lightning strikes” can be expected, which could cause slight damage to buildings.

The Met Office said the storms will be caused by hot air moving in from mainland Europe, some parts of which will be cooler than the UK.

Not near a beach? Children jump into the pool at Charlton Lido in southeast London
Image: Not near a beach? Children jump into the pool at Charlton Lido in southeast London
People relax in the warm weather in Manchester
Image: People relax in the warm weather in Manchester

Popular tourist spots across Europe, including Ibiza, Lisbon and Berlin, are expected to reach 33C (91.4F), 30C (86F) and 25C (77F) respectively.

The Met said cooler air is arriving for the weekend as a cold front sweeps the UK in the next 24 hours.

Temperatures are expected to be closer to average tomorrow, but it will still be relatively warm in the South East.

Despite the short spike of hot weather, July has been below average temperature-wise.

“We’ve not seen a temperature anywhere above 30C (86F) so far or even with a three in it, that is quite unusual for July,” a Met spokesman said.

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Fiat Chrysler reports $1.2 billion loss in second quarter

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles assembly workers produce protective masks, amid the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), at the Assembly Plant in Betim near Belo Horizonte, Brazil, May 20, 2020.

Washington Alves | Reuters

Fiat Chrysler said Friday it lost $1.24 billion (1.05 billion euros) in the second quarter as the coronavirus caused rolling shutdowns at its plants across the globe.

The company managed to beat Wall Street’s earnings expectations but missed on revenue, which declined 56% from a year earlier. Here’s how Fiat Chrysler performed versus what Wall Street expected, based on average analysts’ estimates compiled by Refinitive.

  • Adjusted EPS: A loss of 77 cents (65 euro cents) per share versus a loss of $1.36 (1.15 euros) per share expected.
  • Revenue: $13.88 billion (11.71 billion euros) versus $17.54 billion (14.78 billion euros) expected.

On a pretax adjusted basis, Fiat Chrysler reported a roughly $1.1 billion (928 million euros) loss in the second quarter. The automaker managed to report a profit of $46.2 million (39 million euros) for its North American operations. All others were in the red.

Shares of the Italian-American automaker were unchanged Friday during premarket trading. The stock closed Thursday at $10.50, down 3.9%.

Fiat Chrysler burned through $5.8 billion (4.9 billion euros) during the second quarter — a figure that’s being closely tracked by Wall Street.

The company’s global vehicle sales from April through June were down 63% to 424,000 units due to pandemic-related production stoppages and demand disruptions.

“While the company remains vigilant about the health and safety of employees, our plants are up and running, dealers are selling in showrooms and online, and we have the flexibility and financial strength to push ahead with our plans,” Fiat Chrysler CEO Mike Manley said in a release.

The company has also taken several steps to shore up its balance sheet in recent months. It said it had $20.75 billion (17.5 billion euros) in liquidity in its automotive division at the end of the quarter. The Italian government also guaranteed $7.5 billion (6.3 billion euro) in loans to the automaker in late June, and $5.3 billion (4.5 billion euros) of that remains untapped, the company said.

Fiat Chrysler reconfirmed expectations to complete a 50-50 merger with French automaker PSA Group in the first quarter of next year, subject to board and regulatory approvals. The name of the merged company will be Stellantis.

Fiat Chrysler’s earnings follow its crosstown rivals, General Motors and Ford Motor, which both beat Wall Street’s earnings expectations in the second quarter.

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سهام اروپا در پست اول خود را ماهانه قطره از ماه مارس; نوکیا تا 13 درصد

بازارهای سهام اروپا بسته کردن ماه در قلمرو منفی جمعه به عنوان سرمایه گذاران نظارت درآمد شرکت ها و داده های اقتصادی است.

پان-شاخص Stoxx 600 بسته در حدود 0.6% موقت ارسال اول آن ماه-به روزترین رها در چهار ماه.

شرکت های هواپیمایی و مسافرتی مربوط به سهام شد برخی از بدترین نهفته اجزای آبی تراشه شاخص با easyJet سقوط 22 درصد و شرکت هواپیمایی پدر و مادر IAG پایین 20% در ماه ژوئن. هر دو سهام خود را به حال بدترین ماه از مارس.

اقتصاد منطقه یورو قرارداد با 12.1 درصد در سه ماهه دوم سال 2020 در مقایسه با سه ماه اول سال با توجه به داده های اولیه از منطقه آمار ،

روز جمعه خواندن است که کمترین میزان از سوابق در سال 1995 آغاز شد. در فرانسه این آمار گفت که تولید ناخالص داخلی کاهش 13.8 درصد در سه ماهه دوم سال کمی بهتر از تخمین می زند اما هنوز هم در بدترین شرایط رکورد. روز پنج شنبه در مرکز آمار آلمان اعلام کرد اقتصاد آلمان قرارداد با 10.1 درصد در سه ماهه دوم — بدترین خواندن از پرونده آغاز شد و در سال 1970. BNP Paribas گزارش درآمد خالص قطره در حدود 7 درصد برای سه ماهه دوم در مقایسه با مدت مشابه سال پیش. این بانک فرانسوی با تجربه بالاتر حجم معاملات و ضرب و شتم بازار انتظارات است. سهام افزایش 4 درصد در اوایل معاملات.

نوکیا چراغ دستاوردهای سراسر اروپا تا بیش از 10% پس از ضرب و شتم سود انتظارات در سه ماهه دوم. مدیر عامل شرکت گفت که این شرکت شاهد بتن midterm فرصت در پشت ژئوپولیتیک روند.

UBI Banca دیدم بزرگترین جهش در اوایل معاملات میان بانکی سهام تا بیش از 5 درصد است. واکنش زیر خبری که Intesa Sanpaolo امن است 90.2% از آن هدف سهم در یک پیشنهاد برای سابق است.

درآمد

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